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Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA)

FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis) is a systematic set of activities that are carried out to find and assess potential failures (risks) of a product or a process and to identify the consequences of the failure, to define and apply such measurements that would be efficient enough to minimize the risk.

Purpose of FMEA:

  • support of objective assessment of all situations, including functional requirements
  • assessment of strength design with respect to production requirements, assembly, service, and recycling
  • increase of probability of failure risk elimination and its consequences on operation
  • provide information for support of planning of programmes for designing, development and validation
  • process a list of potential failures
  • find out on potential weak points and opportunities for improvement
  • gain a database of information on phenomena influencing the processes

Aim of FMEA:

  • prevent failure recurrence
  • minimize costs of losses consequences resulting from failures
  • detect potential risks and failures early enough
  • apply measurements that decrease the risk substantially